Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options A Comparative Study (Radiation Protection) by Nea

Cover of: Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options | Nea

Published by Organization for Economic .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Nuclear power & engineering,
  • Spent reactor fuels,
  • Radiological Safety,
  • Technology,
  • Engineering - Nuclear,
  • Medical,
  • Nuclear Energy,
  • Management,
  • Nuclear Fuels,
  • Reactor fuel reprocessing

Book details

The Physical Object
FormatPaperback
Number of Pages124
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9127546M
ISBN 109264176578
ISBN 109789264176577

Download Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options

This comparative study on the radiological impacts of spent nuclear fuel management options was launched by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) at the request of the OSPAR Commission in The main objectives of the study were to compile the most recent data and information on.

OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Ad Hoc Expert Group on Spent Fuel Management Options. Radiological impacts of spent nuclear fuel management options.

Paris: Nuclear Energy Agency, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication, Internet. Get this from a library. Radiological impacts of spent nuclear fuel management options: a comparative study.

[OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Ad Hoc Expert Group on Spent Fuel Management Options.] -- Given its potential significance for public health and the environment, the impact of radioactive releases during important steps of nuclear energy production must be considered when.

Get this from a library. Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options: a Comparative Study. [OECD Publishing; Nuclear Energy Agency; OECD Nuclear Energy Agency.

Ad Hoc Expert Group on Spent Fuel Management Options,] -- Given its potential significance for public health and the environment, the impact of radioactive releases during important steps of nuclear. Get this from a library. Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options: a Comparative Study.

[Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.; Nuclear Energy Agency.] -- Given its potential significance for public health and the environment, the impact of radioactive releases during important steps of nuclear energy production must be considered when.

With this in mind, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has undertaken Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options book comparative study of the radiological impacts of two main fuel cycle options: one with and one without reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.

The study compares the respective impacts of the two options based on generic models and assumptions as well as actual data.

@MISC{Nuclear_radiologicalimpacts, author = {Comparative Study Nuclear}, title = {Radiological Impacts of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Options:}, year = {}} Share.

OpenURL. Abstract. this report do not necessarily reflect the point of view of NEA Member countries. The report is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.

Management of Spent Fuel from Nuclear Power Reactors Options for Management of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste for Countries Developing New Nuclear Power Programmes. Prospective Radiological Environmental Impact Assessment for Facilities and Activities.

This publication will contribute to further improvement of the INPRO (International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles) methodology for sustainability assessment of nuclear energy systems (NESs) and can help Member States applying this methodology to perform a NES assessment in the areas of safety and environment.

In book: Radioactive effluents from nuclear power stations and nuclear fuel reprocessing plants in the European Community primarily for radiological impact assessment purposes in.

Managing the spent fuel arising from nuclear power plants until its disposal is an important step of the nuclear fuel cycle and constitutes the so-called back-end.

While one third of the spent fuel accumulating globally is reprocessed, most of it is stored until a decision is taken on the end-point strategy (processing or disposal). Get this from a library. Radiological impacts of spent nuclear fuel management options: a comparative study.

[Nuclear Energy Agency.;]. As a result of the rapid development of the nuclear energy, the environmental impact from the radiological hazards should be minimized [10, 11]. Therefore, before the radioactive wastes can be.

Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles B3 Management *of Spent Fuel from Nuclear Power Reactors Subprogramme: Mr Paul radiological impact, Working Group on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options and Spent Fuel Management results from BEFAST I to SPAR III will be consolidated.

First CS, August Finnish Government made a policy decision on the principles and schedules of nuclear waste management. Inthe Government adopted a favourable Decision-in-Principle (DiP) accepting the concept of a deep disposal facility for spent fuel from the Finnish nuclear power plants in.

waste do not recognize the importance of the technological options to reduce the radiological toxicity, which could have great impact on waste management. One of the main Study recommendations is: “Planning for long term interim storage of spent fuel – on the scale of a century – should be an integral part of nuclear fuel cycle design.”.

Although dry casks have advantages over cooling pools, pools are necessary at all operating nuclear power plants to store at least the recently discharged fuel.

The book explains it would be difficult for terrorists to steal enough spent fuel to construct a significant radiological dispersal device. COVER SHEET Responsible Agency: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards Title: NUREG–, Generic Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel – Final Report, Volumes 1 and 2 For additional copies or questions about this Generic Environmental Impact Statement, contact.

Interim Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel Behältermodell CASTOR V/ Source: GNS Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH. Interim storage is a temporary solution that plays a central role in the management of the most highly radioactive materials: spent nuclear fuel and vitrified waste resulting from reprocessing such spent nuclear fuel is compact, plant operators are able to store fuel.

office of the secretary correspondence control ticket date printed: paper number: action office: ltr edo logging date: 08/23/   Environmental remediation aims to reduce radiation exposure from contaminated soil, waste storage facilities or other contaminated infrastructure, groundwater or surface water.

Its purpose is to return affected lands and water resources for safe public use. Nuclear regulators and operators of. INTRODUCTION. Technical studies sponsored by DOE and NRC (Refs. 1,2, 3, 4, 5) have identified three aspects of spent nuclear fuel(SNF) and high-level radioactive waste(HLW) transportation which could result in increased radiation exposures to transportation workers, members of the general public, and emergency response personnel: 1) during routine transportation operations, gamma and neutron.

Energy (DOE) has since established the Office of Integrated Waste Management (IWM), which builds on the work begun by NFST, to develop an integrated waste management system for spent nuclear fuel (SNF), including the development of a large-scale transportation system for the safe transport of SNF to storage or disposal facilities.

All civilian NPPs contain storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel and, with few exceptions, all of the spent fuel produced by those reactors is being stored at the sites where it was produced. Approximat metric tons of spent fuel are currently stored under water in large spent fuel storage pools for cooling and shielding purposes.

This report contains a review of publicly available information on SNF transportation worldwide, including estimates of the number of shipments of SNF made fromand the quantity of material shipped.

In addition, it investigates transportation incidents, with a case study of a historical severe accident, and a review of past analyses conducted to estimate the risks in transporting SNF.

More thanmetric tons of commercial spent nuclear fuel is held in storage worldwide, most at reactor sites. Political and technical difficulties have delayed and in many cases, prevented the construction and operation of geologic repositories to dispose of this material.

The book finds that successful terrorist attacks on spent fuel pools, though difficult, are possible. A propagating fire in a pool could release large amounts of radioactive material, but rearranging spent fuel in the pool during storage and providing emergency water spray systems would reduce the likelihood of a propagating fire even under.

Separation processes for highly radioactive and chemically complex spent nuclear fuel require advanced safe technologies and process models based on large databases. Availability of advanced methodologies for on-line control and safeguarding of aqueous reprocessing flowsheets will accelerate implementation of the closed nuclear fuel cycle.

Spent Fuel Storage Casks Once the spent fuel has cooled, it is loaded into special canisters which are designed to hold Pressured Water Reactor or Boiling Water Reactor assemblies. Canisters are filled with inert gas, welded, and rigorously tested for leaks.

It may. Contextualising the impact of used nuclear fuels management. It is important to compare the environmental impacts of nuclear waste management with those of front-end activities (e.g. mining and enrichment) to evaluate contributions to the overall impact of the nuclear fuel cycle.

After a yr cooling time, the thermal output of the HLW arising from advanced fuel cycles is significantly lower than that of spent fuel.

This allows the dimensions of the geological repository to be reduced. The impact of advanced fuel cycles on the radiological consequences in the case of the expected evolution scenario is rather limited. @article{osti_, title = {Analysis of Radiological Impacts to Terrestrial Biota in Support of Environmental Assessment for Use of DOE-Owned High-Assay Low-Enriched Uranium Stored at Idaho National Laboratory}, author = {Case, Marilyn J.

and Halford, Douglas}, abstractNote = {There are many species of plants and animals (biota) on the INL Site and facilities such as INTEC and MFC have. Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programs Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE ) and the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for a Geologic Repository for the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at Yucca Mountain.

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC NRC FIN A Availability Notice. Abstract. A series of value/impact studies were performed for accident preventive and mitigative options intended to reduce the risks posed by the storage of spent fuel at nuclear power plants in spent fuel storage pools.

The German government recently passed a law making it illegal to transport spent nuclear fuel to reprocessing plants in France and the United Kingdom after J However, there is no legal restriction concerning the transport of spent fuel from power reactors to other destinations (e.g., to dry storage facilities).

Southern California Edison retained North Wind, Inc. on Jto develop a strategic plan that will assess the feasibility of relocating spent nuclear fuel at the San Onofre nuclear plant to a commercially reasonable, off-site facility.

SCE is committed to the safe, secure storage of spent nuclear fuel, recognizing that efforts to relocate San Onofre’s spent nuclear fuel off-site. doe/ea final environmental assessment for the acceptance and disposition of spent nuclear fuel containing u.s.-origin highly enriched uranium from the federal republic of germany december u.s.

department of energy savannah river operations office aiken, south carolina. Read the full report here. Thirty countries plus Taiwan operate nuclear power plants, and their reactors generate roug metric tons of spent nuclear fuel each year.

According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), althoughmetric tons of spent nuclear fuel have been reprocessed, more thantons remain held in storage worldwide.

@article{osti_, title = {A discussion on the methodology for calculating radiological and toxicological consequences for the spent nuclear fuel project at the Hanford Site}, author = {RITTMANN, P D}, abstractNote = {This report contains technical information used to determine accident consequences for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project safety documents.

Possess, use, process, export and import nuclear materials and waste, and handle certain aspects of their transportation. Site, design, construct, operate, and close waste disposal sites. To become licensed for any of these activities (or to amend, renew, or transfer an existing license), an entity or individual submits an application to the NRC.

term management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. Canada continues progress for long-term management strategies by: a. finding an acceptable site for a spent nuclear fuel (SNF) repository b. developing long-term management options for radioactive waste c. demonstrating the safety of old interim storage facilities to support re-licensing d.D.B.

Lancaster, E. Fuentes, C. Kong, M. Rahimi, “Actinide-only burnup credit methodology for PWR spent nuclear fuel,” Implementation of Burnup Credit In Spent Fuel Management Systems, Proceedings of an Advisory Group meeting held in Vienna, OctoberIAEA-TECDOC, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, April.

National strategies for spent fuel and radioactive waste management; Engagement with stakeholders and the public; Control of disused seal sources. The first Review Meeting of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management was held in Vienna from November

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